Category Archives: African-American Studies



In 1964, I was a junior attending Cheltenham High School in Wyncotte, PA. In 2001, I returned.









In 1964, I studied the Prophet Jeremiah at Gratz Hebrew College in downtown Philadelphia.













Arrest record for Rosa Parks, the hero of the 1950s Montgomery, Alabama Bus Boycott

The Montgomery Bus Boycott began when Rosa Parks refused to surrender her seat to a white man. The boycott began when she just said no. This photograph shows Rosa Parks before being arrested. Read her arrest record blow.


City of Montgomery Police Department
December 1, 1955
Montgomery, Ala.
Montgomery Bus Boycott


On 1 December 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger on a city bus in Montgomery, Alabama. This single act of nonviolent resistance sparked the Montgomery bus boycott, an eleven-month struggle to desegregate the city’s buses. Under the leadership of Martin Luther King, Jr., the boycott resulted in a U.S. Supreme Court ruling that public bus segregation is unconstitutional and catapulted both King and Parks into the national spotlight.


DNA, United States National Archives and Records Service, National Archives Library, Washington, D.C.