Patrick Geddes, created town planning as a discipline, designed Tel Aviv. Charles Darwin was his mentor

Patrick Geddes, 1886
Patrick Geddes, 1886








Sir Patrick Geddes  (2 October 1854 – 17 April 1932) was a Scottish biologist,[] sociologist, geographer, philanthropist and pioneering town planner (see List of urban theorists). He is known for his innovative thinking in the fields of urban planning and sociology.

He introduced the concept of “region” to architecture and planning and coined the term “conurbation“.[3]

An energetic Francophile,[4] Geddes was the founder in 1890 of the Collège des Écossais (Scots College) an international teaching establishment in Montpellier, France and in the 1920s he bought the Château d’Assas to set up a centre for urban studies.


e-architect U.K.:

Honor to Patrick Geddes, father of community planning

I begin this column with a serious appreciation of the contribution Patrick Geddes made to understanding the design of cities. It was Patrick Geddes who planned the city of Tel Aviv in 1925.

Patrick Geddes 1925 plan for Tel Aviv

The Cambridge Biographical Encyclopedia edited by David Crystal

“Geddes, Sir Patrick (1854-1932). Biologist, sociologist, and pioneer of town planning. Born in Perth. Tayside. He studied at University College, London. A disciple of Charles Darwin, he wrote the ‘Evolution of Sex’ (1889) while he was professor of botany at Dundee (1889-1914). He became more intereted in sociology and the development of human communities, and wrote ‘City Development’ (1904) and ‘Cities in Evolution’ (1915.)








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