Tag Archives: Secretary of Agriculture Earl Butz

Our hero John Dean











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Relevant interlude


In1973, Timothy Leary was in Folsom Prison.  I was in love with his third “wife” [See Footnote 1.] Joanna Harcourt-Smith.

Joanna had been a television star in Lebanon. She eventually secured for me an interview with the geru in Folsom prison.

In the interim, Timothy and I corresponded about John Dean and the Watergate hearings.


Then this changed everything. First, a refresher coarse


Just before John Dean committed his profile in courage when he was scheduled to appear between Chairman Erwin (D-NC) next scheduled hearing I had lunch at the Acme Metal Spinning works.

This hearing:


This audio specifically


I took this 1973 photo of Joanna Hardourt- Smith less than an hour after I met her for the first time.































1. Acme Metal Spinning Works.

2. Joanna Hardourt-Smith https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joanna_Harcourt-Smith




Playing politics with food exports

January 2019 Update


When it comes to US food policy, there is a new sheriff in town. His name is Colin Peterson of Minnesota. Peterson is the new Chairman of the House Agriculture Committee  now that the Blue Wave has swept into power in the US House of Representatives Democrats lots of Democrats Democrats as far as the eye can see.

Welcome to the Inaugural Edition of POLITICS & PRETENSE, JOEL’S FOOD REPORT

I am not objective. I had been objectively reporting on U.S. food policy since 1975 when publishing for The New Republic [1] on the relationship of reality to food policy.  No more. Children are dying as I write this. They are dying in Venezuela, in Yemen, in South Sudan, in Bangladesh and the Rohingya Region of Myanmar.

Up to twenty million people are dying of starvation right now in the world Yet US and other farmers in developed countries are dumping food to raise prices. It sickens me that after all the brouhaha, the 2018 farm bill will have no impact on how our farmers feed the world. NONE.



 Published on Jun 18, 2018: China Is Targeting ‘President Donald Trump-Country’ With Latest Tariffs | Velshi & Ruhle | MSNBC with John Hareood commentary

China’s latest round of tariffs now include hundreds of products. The hardest hit states are actually ‘Trump-country.’ Stephanie Ruhle breaks down which states could lose the most in this looming trade war.


Our farmers feed the world

Our farmers feed the world better than anyone. They produce a better product than anyone. Unfortunately, President Trump is working overtime to hurt the livelihood of soybean and grain farmers. Case in point, this Fathers Day [2] report from London:

“US President Donald Trump is pressing ahead with plans to impose 25% tariffs on $50 billion of Chinese imports, raising the prospect of a trade war between the world’s two largest economies.”


Rep. Mike Conaway has already drawn criticism from the left for his skepticism toward the intelligence community’s conclusions about Russia’s aims. |https://www.politico.com/story/2017/04/who-is-mike-conaway-236957

The most contemptible player among the House Agriculture Committee’s Trump fanatics

The most contemptible player among the House Agriculture Committee’s Trump fanatics  (who live in an alternate universe) is Chairman of the House Agriculture Committee is Rep. Mike Conaway of Texas.

Fresh off of his most recent delusion–chairing the House Intelligence Committee–. Rep. Conaway concluded the Trump campaign did not collude with the Russians promptly ending the Intelligence Committee’s investigation. Crossing from one delusion to the next, Chairman Conaway then utilized his insensitivity on real farmers in the real world.





Serving  his seventh term in the U.S. House of   Representatives, Congressman Mike Conaway represents 29 counties in Texas’ 11th congressional district, including the cities of Midland, Odessa and San Angelo.A conservative Republican, Rep. Conaway believes in the principles of lower taxes, smaller government and a secure nation. His background as a CPA gives him a unique perspective on fiscal responsibility and ensuring every taxpayer dollar is being spent wisely.

In the House, Congressman Conaway is the chairman of the House Committee on Agriculture and also serves on the House Armed Services Committee and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence.

He is a deputy Republican whip, a position he has held since the 112th Congress.

A native Texan, he grew up in Odessa and graduated from Odessa Permian High School in 1966 after playing on Permian’s first state championship football team. He earned a Bachelor of Business Administration degree in accounting from Texas A & M University-Commerce in 1970.

After serving in the Army at Fort Hood, he returned to the Permian Basin with Price Waterhouse and settled in Midland, later working with George W. Bush as the chief financial officer for Bush Exploration. He developed a lasting friendship with President Bush as they learned together what it takes to run a business.

An ordained deacon in the Baptist church, Congressman Conaway and his wife, Suzanne, live in Midland and have four children and seven grandchildren.


Here is lying  Rep.  Conaway pretending he will work with Democratic minority leader Rep. Adam Schiff of California.


What follows is Rep. Schiff reporting on Chairman Conaway’s failure to work with him.



The manure this video spreads its malodor from The Republican House Agriculture Committee: “Representatives from across the nation highlight the many reasons America needs a farm bill. From farm policy to strong nutrition programs to research and development, the farm bill has a massive impact on producers and consumers alike.”


Joel’s note:

The Republican controlled House Agriculture Committee published this manure on May 11, 2018. The odor continues to prove shameful to the Republican members of the Committee who appear here pretending to befriend farmers. These  same members continue to support President Trump despite the fact that his trade war is a knife in the back to soybean and grain farmers. The backbone of the farm economy is dependent upon feeding the world. Clearly,  the Republican  House Agriculture Committee members are planning to lie to their constituent farmers before November's election. 
Not that Democrats on the Agriculture Committee (or serving on other committees that have more control of the daily lives of farmers than the farm bill has) are NOT without blame. As a nation, we screw our farmers on a bipartisan basis.


Exposed the Big Lie Broadcast by the Republican majority House Agriculture Committee

Rep. Jodey Arrington Delivers Passionate Remarks on the House Floor on SNAP in 2018 Farm Bill

On April 26, 2018, House Agriculture Committee member, Rep. Jodey Arrington (TX-19) took to the House Floor to highlight the positive changes included in the 2018 Farm Bill to provide Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) recipients with opportunities to improve their futures through investments in education and training.

Joel’s note:

UN High Commissioner Philip Alston details the ways US keeps our citizens desperately poor and powerless.  Rep. Jodey Arrington's contribution to the 2018 farm billl reflects his contribution to America’s role as the country with the worst poverty in the developed world.




Wikipedia: Rep. Jodey Arrington https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jodey_Arrington


Does the past have to be the past?

Published  by Iowa Public Television on Sep 6, 2013
Sharp declines in agricultural supplies worldwide in the 1970s result in increased profits for producers, higher land values and low interest rates, all of which set the stage for the farm crisis of the 1980s. http://iptv.org/iowastories/ The Farm Crisis is a 90-minute film produced by Iowa Public Television that examines the economic and personal disasters that afflicted the agriculture sector in the 1980s.


Meanwhile, here is non-biased reporting–the kind I refuse to do anymore

Published on May 11, 2018


A pair of White House meetings on farm policy and continued behind-the-scenes talks on the farm bill happened this week, setting the stage for a big week next week and some potential fights down the road. Agri-Pulse's Phil Brasher and Spencer Chase have more.

Fresh “news” reports from the House Agriculture Committee are factually correct if after listing and discussing the merits of amendments, you do not care the farm bill itself has no chance of becoming law

The fresh reports from the House Agriculture Committee ( where I have spent a lot of time over the years), are factually correct. Unfortunately, factually correct is not good enough given that political chicanery is the order of the day. Chairman Mike Conaway of Texas must know (assuming he knows anything at all) the difference between his pretense and real world. In the real world of Congress, no farm bill will become law between now and the election. No farm bill will become law this year. There is no imperative new farm legislation be passed at all.

The House Republicans on the Agriculture Committee are posturing before the election–pretending they are doing something for farmers while supporting (in much the same way as an abused spouse might return to the home knowing the next act of violence is as predictable as tomorrow’s sunrise) a President whose active trade war is endangering the future of the farm economy.


Please read Agripulse for Farm Bill updates


Rep. Conaway: We're Trying To Stay Away From The Mueller Probe (Full) | Meet The Press | NBC News. Published on Mar 18, 2018. In an exclusive interview with Meet the Press, Rep. Mike Conaway (R-Texas) tells Chuck Todd that the House Intelligence Committee found no evidence of collusion.


For too long, farmers have had to suffer from Presidents who used politics to restrict the free flow of food in the world.

The expression, “We sit on the shoulder of giants” [3] refers negatively to our post World War II past where using food as a weapon in world trade become such a political tool that Presidents Kennedy, Nixon, and Carter deserve a moral reprimand. Consider embargoes of grains and oilseeds to Cuba, Japan, and Afghanistan.

O tempore. O mores. 25,000 Indian farmers protest. March 2018



Food should never be used as a weapon any more than humanitarian medical supplies should be.

President Trump’s support for the Saudis in Yemen has resulted in a humanitarian crisis of epic proportions. According to the United Nations, a child dies of starvation every 10 minutes in Yemen. Current UN Security Council efforts to end the Saudi imposed (de facto US supported) embargo of Aden and other Yemeni ports points to the most extreme part of the problem.

“Children in Yemen now face a triple threat – hunger, disease and bombs. Reports of a new attack on the port city of Hodeida have put an estimated 300,000 children at further risk of being killed or maimed by fighting. Crucial humanitarian aid for families already in grave need could be denied should this critical port be closed.”











For US soybean and grain farmers who produce for the international market

For US soybean and grain farmers who produce for the international market, the current efforts of President Trump and his Congressional surrogates to use food exports as a political tool against China, Canada, and the European Union pose a significant danger to our agricultural economy. Surprisingly, the danger is not clearly visible at the House Agriculture Committee where Chairman Conaway’s bill is an example of political expediency. His efforts are, in effect, demagoguery. An attempt to obtain votes from the farm community by pretending something is being done other than wasting everyone’s time.


•2 years ago “Farmers need friends in Congress. One of American agriculture’s most faithful friends is Representative Mike Connally.”


The big lie of the Conaway bill is it will help farmers. The bill will not appreciatively help grain and soybean farmers who form the backbone of US agriculture because of their skill at producing valuable products in the global economy. For these farmers critical to our food supply and that of the world, the key to productivity is for the US government to stop using agricultural products to shape international policy.


“Mr. Speaker, I rise today in opposition to H.R. 2, the Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 2018. H.R. 2 is not a work product that I’m proud of because it’s not one I or my Democratic colleagues had a proper role in producing. More than that though, I’m opposed to H.R. 2 today because it’s simply not good enough for American farmers, consumers or rural advocates.“

“H.R. 2 fails our farmers. The bill does not improve the farm safety net programs farmers need to manage a troubled farm economy. It fails to make needed increases to reference prices under the PLC program to address the 52 percent drop in national farm income. It neglects repeated requests to increase funding for trade promotion to help strengthen overseas markets in response to the Administration’s actions on trade and renewable fuels.

“H.R. 2 fails our nation’s hungry. While I agree that there are changes that need to be made to the SNAP program, this is so clearly not the way to do it. The bill cuts more than $23 billion in SNAP benefits and will result in an estimated 2 million Americans unable to get the help they need. Within the nutrition title, the bill turns around and wastes billions the Majority cut from SNAP benefits to create a massive, untested workforce training bureaucracy.

“H.R. 2 fails our conservation goals, reducing the federal funding for our voluntary conservation programs by almost $800 million dollars.

“H.R. 2 fails our next generation. It lacks mandatory funding for scholarships at 1890 land grants. It under funds our programs for beginning farmers and outreach to socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers.

–Agriculture Committee Ranking Member (i.e. Democrat) Collin C. Peterson from Minnesota, May 16, 2018



When I began covering USDA in the 1970s

When I began covering USDA in the 1970s for the New Republic, the New York Times, and Newsday, palpable damage to our export markets resulted from Secretary of Agriculture Earl Butz’s 1973 embargo of soybeans to Japan. When I was in Japan in 1984, the women and men on the street with whom I spoke still remembered with distaste Butz’s actions eleven years previous.

Decades of embargoes later, Brazil and Argentina now dominate the soybean export market which once was ours. President Trump’s exit from the Trans Pacific Partnership, his attacks on the North American Free Trade Agreement, and on Canada, the EU, and South Korea represent a danger to the current and future income of grain and soybean farmers.


Kenny Chesney – She Thinks My Tractor’s Sexy


Consider rice farmers in Arkansas

Consider rice farmers in Arkansas. Arkansas produces more rice than any other state. With few exceptions, most of Arkansas’s rice is exported. In Stuttgart, Arkansas (“rice and duck calling capital of the world”), Riceland Foods serves as a savvy grain trading and marketing company. Its employees spend a small fortune of tapes teaching Mandarin, Arabic, etc. If I were advising Riceland, I would suggest removing the Made in USA labels and replace with Made in Arkansas.

Yet the farmers in Eastern Arkansas are unaware of the political reality that makes it possible to pass a farm bill. By comparison to the House farm bill, the Senate version—co-authored by Republican Chairman Pat Roberts of Kansas and Democratic Minority Leader Debbie Stabenow of Michigan—reflects an acceptance of that reality. Because there are so few farmers in the U.S—about three percent of the population—to pass agricultural legislation, it is necessary to obtain the support of members of Congress from suburban and urban districts.

Currently, two-thirds of the budget of the Department of Agriculture is spent on social programs such as: preventing infant and maternal mortality and providing school lunches, food stamps, and commodity distribution to Indian tribes. These programs do not belong in USDA. The infant mortality rate in the US is twice that of Spain or any other country in the developed world. Now, because of cutbacks on health care for the poor, women are dying unnecessarily in Texas (well-documented) and elsewhere (not as well documented as I would like).

Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue, one of the few adults in the Trump Administration, is a veterinarian. Capable as he is when it comes to agriculture policy, Sec. Perdue should not be in charge of  a critical life-or-death program that requires (in conjunction with nutrition) physicians and medical personnel and medication. The program belongs in the Department of Health and Human Services. So, do the other income support programs that disguise themselves as agriculture programs, viz.: food stamps and school breakfast and lunch programs.


Inside Yemen's civil war where 8 million people are on the brink of starvation. Published by ABC on Mar 28, 2018. "Nightline" gets an exclusive ground report from war-torn Yemen, which has left nearly three million homeless and 22 million in need of humanitarian aid.


The absence of focus on farmers

As an agriculture reporter, I am concerned at the absence of focus on farmers. The few programs in the current farm bill–which will continue to fund USDA on a continuing resolution–represent an ineffective slapdash approach to the very real problems of farmers. Dangerous as it may be during the Trump era to reform a long-standing legislative tradition, it is time to take agriculture (as agriculture) seriously. Ordinarily, a White House Conference on the subject would be recommended. However, Donald Trump is President. Instead, I would suggest an empire builder in the Ford Foundation (where I worked in the 80s) fund the equivalent. Consider: In the developed world surplus food is the problem. In the developing world, as many as 20 million people may be dying of starvation.

Meanwhile, a continuing resolution will fund the farm bill expiring in September indefinitely while Republican leaders have been wasting scarce time on the floor of the House and Senate pretending to farmers. No farm bill can become law before the November elections.

–Joel Solkoff
Joel Solkoff is the author of The Politics of Food. http://articles.latimes.com/1986-01-26/books/bk-0_1_farm-bill

Will my granddaughter Juliet Mae marry a soybean farmer?​



  1. No Choice But to Sell the Russians Grain by Joel Solkoff
  2. On Father’s Day my sister Sarah took me out for lunch in Bellefonte. We ate at Tallyrand Tavern. Afterwards, Mark too a photo of Sarah and me in front of the restored 1916 Cadillac Showroom.

    Anna Wagner Keichline: Bellefonte Architect
    by Kathleen Wunderly
  3. The best-known use of the phrase “Standing on the shoulders of giants” was by Isaac Newton in a letter to his rival Robert Hooke, in 1676:

“What Descartes did was a good step. You have added much several ways, and especially in taking the colours of thin plates into philosophical consideration. If I have seen a little further it is by standing on the shoulders of Giants.”



Copyright © 2018 by Joel Solkoff. All rights reserved.


Review: Politics of Food from The Natural Resources Journal (NRJ) at the University of New Mexico School of Law

At one AM (apparently in search of lost praise), I found the best book review I ever received. I first signed a book contract with New Republic Books in 1975 promising to deliver in less than a year. It was to be my first published book--as it turned out it was my third. My agent Marie Rodell who had taken me on as a client back in 1969 (shortly after graduating from Columbia College) explaining that she saw promise in my talent. Finally, Marie was delighted that my wandering from hither (The Village Voice) to yon (a newsletter on migrant agricultural workers), perhaps my promise might be warranted.


Chuck Fong took this Hublersburg, PA, October 2016 exclusively for his site. Copyright 2016; Studio 2 by Chuck Fong, All rights reserved.
Chuck Fong took this Hublersburg, PA, October 2016 exclusively for his site. Copyright 2016; Studio 2 by Chuck Fong, All rights reserved.


More than 10 years after signing the contract with New Republic Books, Marie’s successor Frances Collin arranged for the book to be moved to Sierra Club Books where it was finally published. The Los Angeles Times reviewed  The Politics of Food on the first page of its book section.

"While hardly a cabalist, Joel Solkoff, a respected Washington-based, free-lance journalist whose work frequently appears in various national publications, spent a number of years on this analytic quest. And even if many policy mysteries still remain, Solkoff's book will edify--and disturb--almost anyone with the slightest interest in U.S. agriculture."
“While hardly a cabalist, Joel Solkoff, a respected Washington-based, free-lance journalist whose work frequently appears in various national publications, spent a number of years on this analytic quest. And even if many policy mysteries still remain, Solkoff’s book will edify–and disturb–almost anyone with the slightest interest in U.S. agriculture.”



Marie had represented Rachel Carson. A significant development in creating the environmental movement took place after Marie arranged for The New Yorker to publish Silent Spring. Rachel Carson biographers referred to Marie as Carson’s indispensable alter ego.



“Butz’s power as secretary of agriculture seemed overwhelming,” Joel Solkoff wrote in “The Politics of Food” (Sierra Club Books, 1985). “He made one decision to sell the Russians massive quantities of grain that virtually overnight transformed the basic problem of U.S. agricultural policy from what to do with the surplus to how to make up for the shortage.”
“Butz’s power as secretary of agriculture seemed overwhelming,” Joel Solkoff wrote in “The Politics of Food” (Sierra Club Books, 1985). “He made one decision to sell the Russians massive quantities of grain that virtually overnight transformed the basic problem of U.S. agricultural policy from what to do with the surplus to how to make up for the shortage.”


Wishful thinking

When Franklin D. Roosevelt took the oath of office (a machine gun nest poised to protect him), 25 percent of Americans lived in rural America. The dream of a secure agriculture base (shades of Thomas Jefferson) might have been realized. However, by the 1970s when U.S. farm population was less than five percent, reality took a back seat to wishful thinking.

“Under the direction of Roy Stryker, the RA/FSA photographers (Dorothea Lange, Arthur Rothstein, and Russell Lee, among others) were assigned to document small-town life and to demonstrate how the federal government was attempting to improve the lot of rural communities during the Depression. Evans, however, worked with little concern for the ideological agenda or the suggested itineraries and instead answered a personal need to distill the essence of American life from the simple and the ordinary. His photographs of roadside architecture, rural churches, small-town barbers, and cemeteries reveal a deep respect for the neglected traditions of the common man and secured his reputation as America’s preeminent documentarian. From their first appearance in magazines and books in the late 1930s, these direct, iconic images entered the public’s collective consciousness and are now deeply embedded in the nation’s shared visual history of the Depression.”


 The images Walker Evans and Dorothea Lange vividly gave us all as a gift had turned into a Kafkaesque argument for preserving a way of life that no longer existed.
Dorthea Lange "Dorothea Lange's photographs humanized the consequences of the Great Depression and influenced the development of documentary photography." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorothea_Lange
Dorothea Lange “Dorothea Lange’s photographs humanized the consequences of the Great Depression and influenced the development of documentary photography.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorothea_Lange

The beneficiaries of this deceit were rich farmers who tilled their multi-thousand acres from planes dropping seed and fertilizer on their crops hiring lobbyists to emit the magic phrase “family farm” (code phrase for greed).





“I called the Ford for President headquarters. The Press Office had no copy available of the Republican Party Platform on which Ford was running.”

My New Republic article on 1976 Republican platform unavailable at Republican Party headquarters after the convention.


See Wikipedia’s description of The bizarre Republican National Convention of 1976

“Going into the convention, Ford had won more primary delegates than Reagan, as well as plurality in popular vote. However, Ford did not have enough to secure the nomination, and as the convention opened both candidates were seen as having a chance to win. Because of this, both Ford and Reagan arrived in Kansas City before the convention opened to woo the remaining uncommitted delegates in an effort to secure the nomination. Reagan benefited from his highly committed delegates, notably ‘Reagan’s Raiders’ of the Texas delegation. They and other conservative Western and Southern delegates particularly faulted the Ford Administration’s foreign policy of détente towards the Soviet Union, criticizing his signing of the Helsinki Accords and indirectly blaming him for the April 1975 Fall of Saigon. The pro-Reagan Texas delegates worked hard to persuade delegates from other states to support Reagan. Ford, meanwhile, used all of the perks and patronage of the Presidency to win over wavering delegates, including trips aboard Air Force One and personal meetings with the President himself.

The Richard Schweiker gambit and the search for an alternative

Reagan had promised, if nominated, to name Senator Richard Schweiker of Pennsylvania as his running mate, in a bid to attract liberals and centrists in the party. This move backfired, however, as many conservatives (such as Senator Jesse Helms) were infuriated by Reagan’s choice of the ‘liberal’ Schweiker, while few moderate delegates switched to Reagan. Helms promptly began a movement to draft Conservative Senator James L. Buckley of New York as the presidential nominee.

Platform and rules votes

“The key vote of the convention occurred when Reagan’s managers proposed a rules change that would have required Ford to publicly announce his running mate before the presidential balloting. Reagan’s managers hoped that when Ford announced his choice for vice-president, it would anger one of the two factions of the party and thus help Reagan. Ford’s supporters derisively described the proposed rules change as the ‘misery loves company’ amendment.The proposed rules change was defeated by a vote of 1180 to 1069, and Ford gained the momentum he needed to win the nomination. The balloting for president was still close, however, as Ford won the nomination with 1187 votes to 1070 votes for Reagan (and one for Elliot L. Richardson of Massachusetts).

“Conservatives succeeded in inserting several key planks into the party platform, some of which were implicitly critical of the President’s own policies. Reagan and North Carolina Senator Jesse Helms successfully had a ‘moral foreign policy’plank inserted. In light of the 1973 Roe v. Wade decision, the 1976 Republican platform became the first to advocate a Human Life Amendment to the Constitution.”


Unrelated but certainly bizarre, on the plane back from the 1976 Kansas City convention Secretary of Agriculture Earl Butz sat next to Pat “Love Letters in the Sand” Boone:


“Rolling Stone sent former White House Counsel John Dean, who had just gotten out of prison for his role in Watergate, to cover the 1976 Republican National Convention in Kansas City. In the piece, he recounted a joke Secretary of Agriculture Earl Butz told him: “I’ll tell you what coloreds want,” Butz said. “It’s three things: first,….

[Blog note: This is a children friendly site deleting expletives. If you want to read the obscenities Butz uttered read my well-indexed book or Rolling Stone. The New York Times made the editorial decision that the Secretary of Agriculture’s words were not fit to print.]

Read more: http://www.rollingstonee.com/music/pictures/rolling-stones-biggest-scoops-exposes-and-controversies-2-aa-624/earl-butz-mouths-off-14569028#ixzz3fHvSQJm1
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