Sir Patrick Geddes (2 October 1854 – 17 April 1932) was a Scottish biologist, sociologist, geographer, philanthropist and pioneering town planner (see List of urban theorists). He is known for his innovative thinking in the fields of urban planning and sociology.
The Cambridge Biographical Encyclopedia edited by David Crystal
“Geddes, Sir Patrick (1854-1932). Biologist, sociologist, and pioneer of town planning. Born in Perth. Tayside. He studied at University College, London. A disciple of Charles Darwin, he wrote the ‘Evolution of Sex’ (1889) while he was professor of botany at Dundee (1889-1914). He became more intereted in sociology and the development of human communities, and wrote ‘City Development’ (1904) and ‘Cities in Evolution’ (1915.)